E-ISSN 2684-3269
 

Original Research 


Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria

Jude Ogechukwu Okoye, Chijindu Nneka Nzeaka, Gideon Taiwo Faloye.

Abstract
Background: Livestock farming, especially cattle rearing, remains a major source of income for local farmers. However, the health status of cattle and the standard of veterinary services determine the quality of animal meat and the risk of zoonotic transmission. Thus, this study determined the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori, parasitic infection, gastric and hepatocellular diseases in cows slaughtered in two selected government-approved abattoirs.
Methods: Following a systematic random selection of cows, liver and gastric tissues were taken from the slaughtered cows (n= 99, each), fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin, processed and stained accordingly, and microscopically examined for the presence of H. pylori, parasites, hepatocellular and gastric diseases.
Result: Approximately 66% and 34% of the liver and gastric tissues had pathological changes, respectively. The observed pathologies were cirrhosis (12.1%), fibrosis (8.1%), hepatitis (28%) and necrosis (17%) while tumours (6.1%), dysplasia (10.1%), and gastritis (18%) were observed in gastric tissues. The prevalence of parasitic infections and H. pylori in the liver and gastric tissues were 4% and 26%, respectively. The prevalence of the bacteria was higher in pathologic gastric tissues (44.1%) than in normal gastric tissues (16%). There was a significant association between gastric diseases and H. pylori (p= 0.007). Only 20.2% of the investigated animals were without any obvious gastric and hepatocellular tissues.
Conclusion: The study revealed that H. pylori infection is associated with gastric diseases in cows. It suggests that some cow meat from some abattoir may be unsafe for human consumption.

Key words: Helicobacter pylori, Parasite, Gastric tumour, Cirrhosis, Fibrosis, Cattle


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Okoye JO, Nzeaka CN, Faloye GT, . Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Health. 2020; 10(1): 10-16. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014


Web Style

Okoye JO, Nzeaka CN, Faloye GT, . Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria. http://www.jenvoh.com/?mno=75712 [Access: March 27, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Okoye JO, Nzeaka CN, Faloye GT, . Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Health. 2020; 10(1): 10-16. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Okoye JO, Nzeaka CN, Faloye GT, . Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Health. (2020), [cited March 27, 2020]; 10(1): 10-16. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014



Harvard Style

Okoye, J. O., Nzeaka, C. N., Faloye, G. T. & (2020) Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria. J Environ Occup Health, 10 (1), 10-16. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014



Turabian Style

Okoye, Jude Ogechukwu, Chijindu Nneka Nzeaka, Gideon Taiwo Faloye, and . 2020. Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health, 10 (1), 10-16. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014



Chicago Style

Okoye, Jude Ogechukwu, Chijindu Nneka Nzeaka, Gideon Taiwo Faloye, and . "Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health 10 (2020), 10-16. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Okoye, Jude Ogechukwu, Chijindu Nneka Nzeaka, Gideon Taiwo Faloye, and . "Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health 10.1 (2020), 10-16. Print. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Okoye, J. O., Nzeaka, C. N., Faloye, G. T. & (2020) Correlates of hepatocellular and gastric diseases in cows slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health, 10 (1), 10-16. doi:10.5455/jeoh.20191127102014





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